Public health response to large influx of asylum
seekers: Implementation and timing of infectious disease screening
Authors: Tiittala, Paula; Tuomisto, Karolina;
Puumalainen, Taneli; Lyytikäinen, Outi; Ollgren, Jukka; Snellman, Olli; Helve,
Source: BMC Public Health, September 2018,
Vol. 18 Issue 1, p1-10.
Infectious disease screening of migrants at
increased risk is a feature of national infection prevention and control
measures. Asylum seekers in Finland are offered screening of tuberculosis (TB),
hepatitis B, human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and syphilis based on
individual risk assessment. We aimed to evaluate the public health response to
a large influx of asylum seekers to Finland in 2015–2016 with respect to
national guidelines on initial health services and infectious disease
Unraveling R0: Considerations for public health
Authors: Ridenhour, Benjamin; Kowalik, Jessica M.;
Shay, David K.
Source: American Journal of Public Health. December
2018, Vol. 108 Supplement 6, pS445-S454.
The authors assessed public health use of R0, the
basic reproduction number, which estimates the speed at which a disease is
capable of spreading in a population. These estimates are of great public
health interest, as evidenced during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) virus
pandemic. They reviewed methods commonly used to estimate R0, examined their
practical utility, and assessed how estimates of this epidemiological parameter
can inform mitigation strategy decisions.
Best practice assessment of disease modelling for infectious disease
Authors: Dembek, Z. F.; Chekol, T.; Wu, A.
Source: Epidemiology & Infection. July 2018, Vol.
146 Issue 10, p1207-1215.
The authors reviewed epidemiological models
created for diseases which are of greatest concern for public health protection.
Such diseases, whether transmitted from person-to-person (Ebola, influenza,
smallpox), via direct exposure (anthrax), or food and waterborne exposure
(cholera, typhoid) may cause severe illness and death in a large population. They
examined disease-specific models to determine best practices characterising
infectious disease outbreaks and facilitating emergency response and
implementation of public health policy and disease control measures.
Public preferences for interventions to prevent emerging infectious
disease threats: A discrete choice experiment
Authors: Cook, Alex R.; Xiahong Zhao; Chen, Mark I. C.;
Finkelstein, Eric A.
Source: BMJ Open, February 2018, Vol. 8 Issue 2,
In this paper, the authors aimed to understand
public perceptions on pandemic interventions, as well as to identify if there
are any distinct respondent preference classes.